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Pakistan’s Textile economy in terms of exports

The textile industry is the largest manufacturing industry in Pakistan. Pakistan is the 8th largest exporter of textile commodities in Asia. The textile sector contributes 8.5% to the GDP of Pakistan. In the year 2017-20 Exports of the textile sector grew by $4.4 billion. Total Textile mills are 464 in Pakistan out of which 5% are on the PSX. Major Players in this industry are Chenab Ltd, Al-Karam Textile Pvt Ltd, Chawala Enterprises, Fateh Textile Mills, Gul Ahmad Textile Mills Ltd, Hussein Industries Ltd, Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd, Nishat Linen Group. Pakistan’s exports are under threat mainly from regional competitors because the governments of these countries support their textile industry a lot as compared to Pakistan’s government.

Production

There are six primary sectors of textile production in Pakistan:

  • Spinning
  • Weaving
  • Processing
  • Printing
  • Garment manufacturing
  • Filament yarn manufacturing
  • Garment manufacturing

Organ gram of Sample Section in Garments Industry

Manager / Technical

Executive/ Pattern

Officer / Sample

Asst. Officer / Sample

Supervisor/Fabric & Accessories

Supervisor/ Sewing

Sample Cutter ↔Sample Maker ↔Quality Inspector ↔Ironer

<span”> Garments as a driver of economic growth:

  • The ILSA STYLE & Textile and Garments (T&G) industry has the potential to play an important role in expanding Pakistan’s exports.
  • Some of the constraints to garments exports are the narrow product base, energy shortages, lack of investment in human resources, and security risk.
  • The government of Punjab is facilitating this sector by improving market access through GSP Plus, addressing skills shortage through a garments specific scheme, and developing garments clusters via the Quaid-e-Azam Apparel Park.

Global Supply Chain by Adding Value:

Staying on the global supply chain, let moving along to higher value-added products in an internationally competitive setting, is demanding. Buyers in middle and high-income countries that account for the majority of sales are increasingly style and quality conscious while remaining cost-conscious.

To understand how firms add value and remain abreast in an intensely competitive international value chain setting, it is important to understand that the product we sell is complex and requires bringing together a lot of materials purchased from different sources from within the country and outside:

 

Manufacturing unit, Knits, Medium, Lahore: “Labels, main labels, and the side labels, buttons, zips, hand tags, price stickers, garment stickers, Fleece fabric, Sweatshirts,  Hoodies, trousers, jackets, barcodes so altogether there are 18-20 suppliers who are linked up that way. Since I have more than one line, we are dealing with 60-80 suppliers including Siwaey, Bangladesh, South Africa, and the Philippines”.

Using Information Technology:
Globalization of the garments supply chain became possible as information technology lowered the transaction costs of monitoring production by suppliers located in developing countries. Firms, in turn, use information technology improves the efficiency of the internal value chain.

The trade-in readymade garments are dominated by Western brand names catering largely to Western buyers. Thus garments manufacturers in developing countries account for nearly 90 percent of the Western purchase of garments. Asian garments manufacturers export between 45 percent and 88 percent spread of technologies that enabled the tracking of merchandise the use of computers and Information Technology that helped manage information on sales and forecasting of demand for better inventory management.

Human Resources

The first is the availability of stitchers, considered critical in adding values to the garments, and middle management that coordinates the activities at various stages of the value chain and ensures that the orders are delivered on time and of the contracted quality. The difficulty in obtaining middle management is reported by most firms. The vast majority of knitwear firms, regardless of size, vocalized the shortage of middle management. Among the woven wear manufacturers, large firms.

 

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